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NC State Extension

Pollinators Management Information

Butterfly on flowerPollinators are essential to the survival of many flowering plants, and to the production of over 85% of our food and fiber producing crops.

Insects are the most common and abundant pollinators. Today, mounting evidence indicates that pollinator populations are declining worldwide. While most everyone knows about honey bees, there are many other important groups of insect pollinators that must be protected as well.

Although much of the information below targets honey bee protection, the principles and stewardship practices described are applicable to all insect pollinators.

Pollinator Protection and Conservation (General)

IPM Elements (Honey Bees)

Pest Management Strategic Plan (Honey Bees)

Production (Honey Bees)

  • Apiculture and Beekeeping – N.C. Cooperative Extension
  • Extension Beekeeping Notes – Extension articles authored by the NC State Apiculture Program. Topics covered are Africanized honey bees, honey bee dance language, types of honey bees, diseases of honey bees, how to become a bee keeper and more.
  • Pollinator Protection – Pesticide Environmental Stewardship, CIPM
    Principles geared towards the protection of honeybees and other pollinators.
  • North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual – This manual has a table that lists pesticides and their relative toxicity to honey bees, plus recommendations to reduce pesticide poisoning to honey bees.
  • Disease Management and Guidelines for the Honey Bee – The following is an outline of recommendations for detecting and treating colonies for economically important parasites and pathogens of honey bees so that beekeepers may achieve this goal, and do so in a sustainable way for the long-term health of their colonies.

Websites – For Pollinators in general

  • Apiary Services – NC Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
  • Bee Informed – USDA, National Institute of Food and Agriculture
    A partnership between the USDA and NIFA working to supply data on the best beekeeping practices to produce healthier honey bees.
  • Cooperative Standards – Mississippi State University Extension Services Cooperative standards for the coexistence of row crop farmers and beekeepers adopted in Mississippi.
  • North American Pollinator Protection Campaign – Encourage the health of resident and migratory pollinating animals in North America
  • Insects and Pollinators – USDA Natural Resources Service
  • The Xerces Society – Pollinator conservation program